Many people in the world knows how to play a guitar and enjoy the sound that it produced. But sad to say not all of them know how it was made and what are the parts of the Guitar. Some people specially for those who are advanced guitar players are checking carefully how the guitar was made, what are the accessories that has been used and what wood they used for a better sound.
It is very important to know what are the different parts of the guitar specially when you are planning to buy one. So in this article we are going to talk about all the parts of guitar from the head to neck and all the way down to the body, and also I will discuss why every part is important. Let us go and jump to it!
Guitar Head – Headstock
The headstock is the head lies at the end of the neck. The main purpose of the head is to support the tuner that holds the strings of the instrument to be able to tune the guitar. Also, headstock is used by the manufacturer for the people to identify their guitars. They usually put the brand name at the headstock. There are two parts of the head, the tuning keys (tuner) and the tuning peds.
Parts of the Headstock
Tuning Keys – Are the keys that allows the guitarist to lower or raise the pitch of the string. It is attached at both sides of the head. Tuning keys are very important, without those you cannot tune your guitar.
Tuning Peds – Those are connected at the tuning keys. Strings are attached at the tuning peds for tuning purposes. No Tuning peds? No strings! some advance players always check the tuning keys and peds if its properly build for a smooth turning when tuning.
Neck is one of the most important part of a guitar where you play your chords and build your left-hand skills. It is made of a single wood or several woods that are cuts int pieces and put it together into shape. There are three parts of the neck that I am going to discuss, the Nut, Fret (fret bar or ridge) and the Fret Board.
Parts of the Neck
Nut – Is the white narrow strip between the headstock and the neck. It is used for the strings to rest before going to the tuning peds. The main function is to maintain the string alignment and spacing before going to their assigned tuning peds.
Fret board – Is a piece of wood that lies down at the front of the neck where guitar players usually used to play chords and other guitar techniques.
Fret (fret bar or ridge) – Is a piece of metal that are attached at the fret board. Strings are pressed down behind a fret to produce a sound.
The body is one of the most important factor when it comes to shaping the tone of a guitar. It determines the over all tone and volume and it provides the resonance and projection depending on the wood that have used to build the guitar. Advanced players specially acoustic players focused on buying a guitar with a good wood and build. There are five parts of a body, the Bridge, Pick Guard, SoundBoard, Soundhole and strings.
Parts of the Body
Bridge – The black part that you see at the other end of the strings is the bridge and it is glued on top of the body. Its function is to allow the strings to sit at a height on the fret board. There are two parts of bridge when it comes to acoustic, the saddle and the tie block.
Saddle is a piece of plastic like the nut in between the head and neck and designed to transfer the vibrations through the bridge into the top wood of the guitar. Saddle keeps the string at a relative height at the fret board. The tie block is where the strings are looped and twisted. It is always placed behind the saddle. The purpose of the tie block is to allow you to connect your strings and tie it down for you to be able to tune your guitar.
Pick guard – Guitar pick guard is placed at the front body below the sound Whole of the guitar. It is a piece of plastic material and the purpose of the pick guard is to protect the guitar coating by being scratched by the pick. If you don’t want your beautiful guitar not to have a single scratch in front then use a pick guard.
Soundboard – The sound board is literally the whole front part of the guitar and is a critical part that plays a role in determining the projection and the tone quality of the guitar. The back of the soundboards is a pattern of struts and braces to provide stable front board while still allowing the soundboard to vibrate and produce sound coming from the strings through the guitar’s bridge to the top.
Soundhole – It is an opening in the body and plays an important role when playing the acoustic guitar. It helps the guitar to project the sound more efficiently. Sound holes provide an opening into the resonance chamber formed by the body, letting the sound board vibrate freely.
Strings – Guitar strings is one of the most important part of the guitar. Without it, no sound will come out from your guitar. Strings are divided into two, the Bass and the treble. There are three bass strings, the 6th (E), 5th (A) and the 4th (D) and the three treble strings are 3rd (G), 2nd (B), and 1st (E). Choosing a string for your guitar is essential on what would be best for your guitar.
Want to have one? You are all set!
Now that you know the parts of a guitar, you know what to do now on buying one! The important thing is to smile, and enjoy every song and music that you play on guitar.
If you ever need a hand or have any questions, feel free to leave them below and I will be more than happy to help you out.
All the best,
founder of Guitar Chords & scales